International Sanskrit Examination Resource

Audio and video paradigm practice

At first glance there seems to be a lot of different paradigms used in Sanskrit. However all the nouns and pronouns are based on the same basic pattern (Universal noun endings). Knowing this can help. The paradigms to learn first are those which apply to a large number of words i.e. Rama, Sita, mitram, tat, aham & tvam and bhavati.

Nouns/pronouns (audio, spoken): Introduction  Rama,  Sita,  mitram,(friend)  hari  guru (teacher)  nadi (river)  sah, saa, tat (he, she, it/that)  aham, tvam (I, you)

Verbs (audio, spoken): bhavati (he becomes - present tense), abhavat (he became - past), bhavishyati (he will become - future)  vardhate (he grows - present), vardhishyate (he will grow - future), avardhata (he grew - past)  asti and aasiit - (he, she, it, is/was)  asti, (he, she, it, is) asit (he, she, it was - past)  NOTE: labhate 'he finds' use the same endings as vardhate and can be used as extra practice:  labhate, (present)   alabhata, (past)   lapsyate (future), bhavatu (the imperaitive)


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Nouns: Rama, Sita, mitram (friend), hari (Lord), guru (teacher), nadi (river),  dhatr (creator),  manas (mind), sumanas ('good-minded' - adj.), atman (self), karman (action), dhimat m. (intelligent), dhimat f. (intelligent)

Pronouns: sah, saa, tat (he, she, it/that)  aham, tvam (I, you), idam (this) masc. fem. neuter 

Verbs: bhavati (become - present, future and past),  vardhate (grows - present, future, past), bhavet (Optative - would become), babhuva (Perfect - became), cakara Perfect - did)

Downloadable MP3s:

NOUNS/PRONOUNS: Rama  Sita mitram  Universal noun endings hari guru nadi dhatr manas sumanas atman karman

tat  aham and tvam idam - (masc) (fem) (neuter)

VERBS:  bhavati  vardhate  avardhata vardhishyate bhavet babhuva cakara 




Latest update: 28.6.19